The majority of men, especially among the masses, do not possess clear and reasoned ideas on any subject whatever outside their own speciality. The
leader serves them as guide. It
is just possible that he may be replaced, though very inefficiently, by the periodical publications which manufacture opinions for their readers and supply them with ready-made phrases which dispense them of the trouble of reasoning.
The leaders of crowds wield a very despotic authority, and this despotism indeed
is a condition of their obtaining a following. It has often been remarked
how easily they extort obedience, although
without any means of backing up their authority, from the most turbulent section of the working classes.