Lead author Joanna Moncrieff – a professor of psychiatry at UCL – said: “I think we can safely say that after a vast amount of research conducted over several decades, there is no convincing evidence that depression is caused by serotonin abnormalities, particularly by lower levels or reduced activity of serotonin.
“The popularity of the ‘chemical imbalance’ theory of depression has coincided with a huge increase in the use of antidepressants…
Marketing. Mass marketing is how the imbalance theory and huge increase in anti depressants profits walk hand in hand
The popularity of the covid vaccine effectiveness theory coincided with a global uptake in a vaxx/jab/therapeutical aided by the pharmedia.
In the new study, University College London (UCL) researchers said 85% to 90% of the public believes depression is caused by low serotonin or a chemical imbalance.
The public believes (accepts as true) this untruth because of the pharmedia promoting pharma talking points and talking heads
There has NEVER been any evidence that these pharmaceuticals help resolve depression by correcting a claimed chemical imbalance. A chemical imbalance that cannot be shown to exist.
- Surveys indicate that 85-90 percent of the public believes (accepts as true) low serotonin or a chemical imbalance causes depression.
- One study found that among 237 psychology students interviewed, 46 percent had heard the chemical imbalance explanation from a physician.
- The serotonin hypothesis has been challenged repeatedly and found wanting, even as it remains popular and influential in everyday life.
- A comprehensive, well-powered, high-quality umbrella review now determines that the theory is “not empirically substantiated.”
- Almost as soon as it was floated in 1965 by Harvard psychiatrist Joseph Schildkraut, the serotonin hypothesis of depression—reduced and simplified by pharma marketing to the “chemical imbalance” theory of depression and anxiety—has been subject to critical research and found wanting